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NMAP (Network Mapping) Cheat Sheet

Nmap (Network Mapping) Cheat Sheet. It is a very famous port scanner available for free. It is not just only a port scanner, it also do various jobs like banner grabbing, OS fingerprinting, Nmap script scanning, evading firewalls, etc. So we are gonna show you some important commands of Nmap.
Step 1: Open up the console and type nmap
It will give you the whole commands of Nmap. But we are here to understanding the commands so we should go ahead.

Here is the cheatsheet of NMAP.

BASIC SCANNING TECHNIQUES

Goal Command Example
Scan a Single Target nmap [target] nmap 192.168.0.1
Scan Multiple Targets nmap [target1, target2, etc] nmap 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.2
Scan a List of Targets nmap -iL [list.txt] nmap -iL targets.txt
Scan a Range of Hosts nmap [range of ip addresses] nmap 192.168.0.1-10
Scan an Entire Subnet nmap [ip address/cdir] nmap 192.168.0.1/24
Scan Random Hosts nmap -iR [number] nmap -iR 0
Excluding Targets from a Scan nmap [targets] –exclude [targets] nmap 192.168.0.1/24 –exclude 192.168.0.100, 192.168.0.200
Excluding Targets Using a List nmap [targets] –excludefile [list.txt] nmap 192.168.0.1/24 –excludefile notargets.txt
Perform an Aggressive Scan nmap -A [target] nmap -A 192.168.0.1
Scan an IPv6 Target nmap -6 [target] nmap -6 1aff:3c21:47b1:0000:0000:0000:0000:2afe


DISCOVERY OPTIONS
Goal Command Example
Perform a Ping Only Scan nmap -sP [target] nmap -sP 192.168.0.1
Don’t Ping nmap -PN [target] nmap -PN 192.168.0.1
TCP SYN Ping nmap -PS [target] nmap -PS 192.168.0.1
TCP ACK Ping nmap -PA [target] nmap -PA 192.168.0.1
UDP Ping nmap -PU [target] nmap -PU 192.168.0.1
SCTP INIT Ping nmap -PY [target] nmap -PY 192.168.0.1
ICMP Echo Ping nmap -PE [target] nmap -PE 192.168.0.1
ICMP Timestamp Ping nmap -PP [target] nmap -PP 192.168.0.1
ICMP Address Mask Ping nmap -PM [target] nmap -PM 192.168.0.1
IP Protocol Ping nmap -PO [target] nmap -PO 192.168.0.1
ARP Ping nmap -PR [target] nmap -PR 192.168.0.1
Traceroute nmap –traceroute [target] nmap –traceroute 192.168.0.1
Force Reverse DNS Resolution nmap -R [target] nmap -R 192.168.0.1
Disable Reverse DNS Resolution nmap -n [target] nmap -n 192.168.0.1
Alternative DNS Lookup nmap –system-dns [target] nmap –system-dns 192.168.0.1
Manually Specify DNS Server(s) nmap –dns-servers [servers] [target] nmap –dns-servers 201.56.212.54 192.168.0.1
Create a Host List nmap -sL [targets] nmap -sL 192.168.0.1/24


ADVANCED SCANNING OPTIONS

Goal Command Example
TCP SYN Scan nmap -sS [target] nmap -sS 192.168.0.1
TCP Connect Scan nmap -sT [target] nmap -sT 192.168.0.1
UDP Scan nmap -sU [target] nmap -sU 192.168.0.1
TCP NULL Scan nmap -sN [target] nmap -sN 192.168.0.1
TCP FIN Scan nmap -sF [target] nmap -sF 192.168.0.1
Xmas Scan nmap -sX [target] nmap -sX 192.168.0.1
TCP ACK Scan nmap -sA [target] nmap -sA 192.168.0.1
Custom TCP Scan nmap –scanflags [flags] [target] nmap –scanflags SYNFIN 192.168.0.1
IP Protocol Scan nmap -sO [target] nmap -sO 192.168.0.1
Send Raw Ethernet Packets nmap –send-eth [target] nmap –send-eth 192.168.0.1
Send IP Packets nmap –send-ip [target] nmap –send-ip 192.168.0.1


PORT SCANNING OPTIONS

Goal Command Example
Perform a Fast Scan nmap -F [target] nmap -F 192.168.0.1
Scan Specific Ports nmap -p [port(s)] [target] nmap -p 21-25,80,139,8080 192.168.1.1
Scan Ports by Name nmap -p [port name(s)] [target] nmap -p ftp,http* 192.168.0.1
Scan Ports by Protocol nmap -sU -sT -p U:[ports],T:[ports] [target] nmap -sU -sT -p U:53,111,137,T:21-25,80,139,8080 192.168.0.1
Scan All Ports nmap -p ‘*’ [target] nmap -p ‘*’ 192.168.0.1
Scan Top Ports nmap –top-ports [number] [target] nmap –top-ports 10 192.168.0.1
Perform a Sequential Port Scan nmap -r [target] nmap -r 192.168.0.1


VERSION DETECTION

Goal Command Example
Operating System Detection nmap -O [target] nmap -O 192.168.0.1
Submit TCP/IP Fingerprints http://www.nmap.org/submit/
Attempt to Guess an Unknown OS nmap -O –osscan-guess [target] nmap -O –osscan-guess 192.168.0.1
Service Version Detection nmap -sV [target] nmap -sV 192.168.0.1
Troubleshooting Version Scans nmap -sV –version-trace [target] nmap -sV –version-trace 192.168.0.1
Perform a RPC Scan nmap -sR [target] nmap -sR 192.168.0.1


TIMING OPTIONS

Goal Command Example
Timing Templates nmap -T[0-5] [target] nmap -T3 192.168.0.1
Set the Packet TTL nmap –ttl [time] [target] nmap –ttl 64 192.168.0.1
Minimum # of Parallel Operations nmap –min-parallelism [number] [target] nmap –min-parallelism 10 192.168.0.1
Maximum # of Parallel Operations nmap –max-parallelism [number] [target] nmap –max-parallelism 1 192.168.0.1
Minimum Host Group Size nmap –min-hostgroup [number] [targets] nmap –min-hostgroup 50 192.168.0.1
Maximum Host Group Size nmap –max-hostgroup [number] [targets] nmap –max-hostgroup 1 192.168.0.1
Maximum RTT Timeout nmap –initial-rtt-timeout [time] [target] nmap –initial-rtt-timeout 100ms 192.168.0.1
Initial RTT Timeout nmap –max-rtt-timeout [TTL] [target] nmap –max-rtt-timeout 100ms 192.168.0.1
Maximum Retries nmap –max-retries [number] [target] nmap –max-retries 10 192.168.0.1
Host Timeout nmap –host-timeout [time] [target] nmap –host-timeout 30m 192.168.0.1
Minimum Scan Delay nmap –scan-delay [time] [target] nmap –scan-delay 1s 192.168.0.1
Maximum Scan Delay nmap –max-scan-delay [time] [target] nmap –max-scan-delay 10s 192.168.0.1
Minimum Packet Rate nmap –min-rate [number] [target] nmap –min-rate 50 192.168.0.1
Maximum Packet Rate nmap –max-rate [number] [target] nmap –max-rate 100 192.168.0.1
Defeat Reset Rate Limits nmap –defeat-rst-ratelimit [target] nmap –defeat-rst-ratelimit 192.168.0.1


FIREWALL EVASION TECHNIQUES

Goal Command Example
Fragment Packets nmap -f [target] nmap -f 192.168.0.1
Specify a Specific MTU nmap –mtu [MTU] [target] nmap –mtu 32 192.168.0.1
Use a Decoy nmap -D RND:[number] [target] nmap -D RND:10 192.168.0.1
Idle Zombie Scan nmap -sI [zombie] [target] nmap -sI 192.168.0.38 192.168.0.1
Manually Specify a Source Port nmap –source-port [port] [target] nmap –source-port 1025 192.168.0.1
Append Random Data nmap –data-length [size] [target] nmap –data-length 20 192.168.0.1
Randomize Target Scan Order nmap –randomize-hosts [target] nmap –randomize-hosts 192.168.0.1-20
Spoof MAC Address nmap –spoof-mac [MAC|0|vendor] [target] nmap –spoof-mac Cisco 192.168.0.1
Send Bad Checksums nmap –badsum [target] nmap –badsum 192.168.0.1


OUTPUT OPTIONS

Goal Command Example
Save Output to a Text File nmap -oN [scan.txt] [target] nmap -oN scan.txt 192.168.0.1
Save Output to a XML File nmap -oX [scan.xml] [target] nmap -oX scan.xml 192.168.0.1
Grepable Output nmap -oG [scan.txt] [targets] nmap -oG scan.txt 192.168.0.1
Output All Supported File Types nmap -oA [path/filename] [target] nmap -oA ./scan 192.168.0.1
Periodically Display Statistics nmap –stats-every [time] [target] nmap –stats-every 10s 192.168.0.1
133t Output nmap -oS [scan.txt] [target] nmap -oS scan.txt 192.168.0.1


TROUBLESHOOTING AND DEBUGGING

Goal Command Example
Getting Help nmap -h nmap -h
Display Nmap Version nmap -V nmap -V
Verbose Output nmap -v [target] nmap -v 192.168.0.1
Debugging nmap -d [target] nmap -d 192.168.0.1
Display Port State Reason nmap –reason [target] nmap –reason 192.168.0.1
Only Display Open Ports nmap –open [target] nmap –open 192.168.0.1
Trace Packets nmap –packet-trace [target] nmap –packet-trace 192.168.0.1
Display Host Networking nmap –iflist nmap –iflist
Specify a Network Interface nmap -e [interface] [target] nmap -e eth0 192.168.0.1


NMAP SCRIPTING ENGINE

Goal Command Example
Execute Individual Scripts nmap –script [script.nse] [target] nmap –script banner.nse 192.168.0.1
Execute Multiple Scripts nmap –script [expression] [target] nmap –script ‘http-*’ 192.168.0.1
Script Categories all, auth, default, discovery, external, intrusive, malware, safe, vuln
Execute Scripts by Category nmap –script [category] [target] nmap –script ‘not intrusive’ 192.168.0.1
Execute Multiple Script Categories nmap –script [category1,category2,etc] nmap –script ‘default or safe’ 192.168.0.1
Troubleshoot Scripts nmap –script [script] –script-trace [target] nmap –script banner.nse –script-trace 192.168.0.1
Update the Script Database nmap –script-updatedb nmap –script-updatedb

Download NMap

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